Asset Class Correlation Map

Is your portfolio diversified?

If you’re investing in asset classes that perform similarly—especially in downward-moving markets—the answer could be no.

On the contrary, investing in asset classes that demonstrate little or no correlation1 to one another may help you enhance diversification and reduce portfolio volatility. While diversification can neither ensure a profit nor eliminate the risk of experiencing investment loss, the ideal scenario is to have a mixture of noncorrelated asset classes in an attempt to reduce overall portfolio volatility and generate more consistent returns over the long-term.

This table illustrates how various asset classes historically correlate to one another. A correlation of 1.00 indicates perfect correlation, while lower numbers indicate that the asset classes are not correlated and generally do not move in tandem with each other-or, when the market moves down, these asset classes may not fall as much as the market in general, which could mitigate risk in your portfolio.

Historical Correlation1: January 2007 - December 2016

Click Asset Class to Highlight

  Positive Negative
High 0.7-1.0 (0.7)-(1.0)
Moderate 0.4-0.7
Low 0.0-0.4 (0.0)-(0.4)
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Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index BofA Merrill Lynch U.S.Treasuries - Bills (3 M) S&P GSCITM TR U.S. Dollar Index Dow Jones Credit Suisse Hedge Fund Index Dedicated Short Bias Dow Jones Credit Suisse Hedge Fund Index Equity Market Neutral Dow Jones Credit Suisse Hedge Fund Index Event Driven MSCI World Net TR Index Dow Jones Credit Suisse Hedge Fund Index MSCI EAFE Index Dow Jones Credit Suisse Hedge Fund Index Long/Short Equity Dow Jones Credit Suisse Hedge Fund Index Managed Futures NAREIT (National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts® ) S&P 500® Index

Modern Markets Asset Classes

Many investors who believe their portfolios are diversified may not be as diversified as they think. That’s because traditional portfolios are typically comprised of only stocks, bonds and cash. While stocks and bonds may provide some diversification*, there are other investment opportunities that could provide even more.

Diversifying to reduce risk

As shown in the chart below, adding new or different asset classes–that is, those beyond stocks, bonds and cash–might provide opportunity for increased portfolio diversification through exposure to assets with no or low correlation to traditional investments. In addition, it could potentially generate more consistent returns over the long-term and help reduce overall portfolio volatility.

Historical Correlation of Various Asset Classes vs. S&P 500® January 2007–December 31, 2016

Chart

Correlation is a statistical measure of how two variables move in relation to each other. This measure ranges from -1 to +1, where -1 indicates perfect negative correlation and +1 indicates perfect positive correlation.

 

Source: Calculated by Guggenheim Investments using data from Bloomberg.com, Barclays.com and Standardandpoors.com. Performance displayed represents past performance, which is no guarantee of future results.

1 Correlation is a measurement between -1 and 1, which indicates the linear relationship between two variables. If there is no relationship between two variables, the correlation coefficient is 0. If there is a perfect relationship, the correlation is 1. And if there is a perfect inverse relationship, the correlation is -1.

The aforementioned strategies are not sponsored, endorsed, sold, or promoted by Standard and Poor’s and Standard & Poor’s makes no representation regarding the advisability of investing in these strategies. Standard and Poor’s is not affiliated with Guggenheim Investments.

This information is intended to be general in nature and should not be construed as investment advice nor a recommendation of any specific security or strategy. The index returns used to calculate the correlations do not reflect any management fees, transaction costs or expenses. The indices are unmanaged and are not available for direct investment. Index information is provided for illustrative purposes and is not meant to represent the performance of a fund.

Investing in alternative investments may not be suitable for all investors and involves special risks such as risk associated with short sales, leveraging the investment, potential adverse market forces, regulatory changes, and potential illiquidity. Investing in alternative strategies presents the opportunity for significant losses. There is no assurance that the investment objective will be attained.

*Diversification neither assures a profit nor eliminates the risk of experiencing investment losses.

Performance displayed represents past performance, which is no guarantee of future results. Correlations are calculated using the monthly total returns of each index. All correlations are measured vs. the S&P 500 Index. Index information is provided for illustrative purposes only and is not meant to represent the performance of a fund. The index returns do not include any management fees, transaction costs or expenses. The indices are unmanaged and are not available for direct investment. This information is subject to change at any time, based on market and other conditions, and should not be construed as a recommendation of any specific security. Data source: Calculated by Guggenheim Investments using information from Bloomberg.com, Barclays.com and Standardandpoors.com. There are special risk considerations with each of the strategies mentioned and they are not suitable for all investors. None of the investment strategies can guarantee a return in a declining market. Additionally, an investor could lose all or a substantial amount of their investment.

Securities are not deposits or obligations of any bank, are not guaranteed by any bank, are not insured by the FDIC or any other agency, and involve investment risks, including the possible loss of the principal amount invested.

Guggenheim Investments represents the investment management businesses of Guggenheim Partners, LLC ("Guggenheim"). Securities offered through Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC, an affiliate of Guggenheim Partners, LLC.

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Guggenheim Investments represents the investment management businesses of Guggenheim Partners, LLC ("Guggenheim"), which includes Security Investors, LLC ("SI"), Guggenheim Funds Investment Advisors, LLC, ("GFIA") and Guggenheim Partners Investment Management ("GPIM") the investment advisers to the referenced funds. Securities offered through Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC, an affiliate of Guggenheim, SI, GFIA and GPIM.

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