Performance for Week Ending 8/5/2016:
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (Dow) gained 0.60%, the Wilshire 5000 Total Market IndexSM (Wilshire 5000SM) added 0.38%, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (S&P 500) finished up 0.43% and the Nasdaq Composite Index (NASDAQ) tacked on 1.14%. Sector performance was mixed with 6 of the S&P sector groups finishing lower and 4 finishing higher. The Technology sector (+1.63%) was the best performer while Utilities (-2.68%) was the worst.
||Closing Price 8/5/2016
||Percentage Change for Week Ending 8/5/2016
||Year-to-Date Percentage Change Through 8/5/2016
*See below for Index Definitions
MARKET OBSERVATIONS: 8/1/16 – 8/5/16
The major market indices finished the week higher after job growth surged for a second straight month. The strong payroll data renewed confidence that the US economy is moving in the right direction. According to the Atlanta Fed GDPNow model, the economy is expected to expand by 3.8% during the current quarter, solidly above the 1.2% pace seen during Q2. Both the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite closed the week at new all-time record highs.
On Friday, the Labor Department reported that nonfarm payrolls (NFPs) rose by 255K, well ahead of the 180K forecast. The prior two months NFPs were also revised higher, resulting in an additional 18K jobs. Nonfarm payrolls have now averaged a solid 186K per month on a year-to-date basis. The unemployment rate came in at 4.9%, unchanged from last month and a touch higher than the 4.8% forecast. Wages rose 0.3% month over month and are up 2.6% on a year over year basis.
Following the payroll report, rate hike probabilities increased modestly, with the September probability now at 26% and the December odds at just over 46%. Despite the recent string of positive economic data, investors remain hesitant to discount higher near-term odds, likely reflecting the mindset that the Fed will be cautious and not want to risk roiling the financial markets ahead of the November election.
The key to developing higher clarity on the forward path of rates may be Fed Chair Yellen’s presentation at the Jackson Hole Summit on August 26. Investors will keep a close eye on her remarks as this forum has been used in the past to communicate policy initiatives. Yellen has been mostly “dovish” toward policy, so any change in tone would likely raise the probability of a rate hike by year-end. The situation however will be very tricky and Yellen will need to really thread the needle with her comments. With most global central banks in easing mode, an overly hawkish tone could send the US dollar soaring which in turn would put renewed pressure on oil prices, curb exports, and create a headwind for US multinational companies.
Looking forward, the path of least resistance for the domestic equity markets should continue to be skewed to the upside. While a pullback in stock prices in the near-term certainly cannot be ruled out, a correction in prices would be viewed as healthy as it would help relieve some of the current “froth” in the market and set the stage for a buying opportunity at better prices. From a macro standpoint, the US economy remains healthy, labor conditions continue to improve, the likelihood of a recession remains relatively low, earnings growth is set to accelerate in the coming quarters and interest rates policy is expected to remain supportive of risk assets.
Economic Round-up: Last week, the Institute for Supply Management reported that the ISM Manufacturing Index showed July factory activity expanding for a fifth straight month, albeit at a slightly slower pace. The reading of 52.6 (readings above 50 signal expansion) was below the June reading of 53.2 but at a level that is still associated with positive real GDP growth. The “guts” of the report were mixed but encouragingly the forward looking new orders component came in at a solid 56.9. The ISM also reported that the ISM Non-Manufacturing (Services) Index came in at 55.5 in July, down 1 point from the prior month. As was the case with the manufacturing index, the new orders component rose to 60.3, its highest level in nine months. Service oriented businesses account for almost 90% of the economy, so the uptick in new orders suggests further economic growth in the coming months.
The Week Ahead: Earnings season will continue to wind down as only 25 members of the S&P 500 are scheduled to report quarterly results during the week. On the data front, reports of interest include; second-quarter productivity, the June Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS), July import and export prices, July retail sales, the July Producer Price Index (PPI), June business inventories and the University of Michigan consumer sentiment survey. No members of the Federal Reserve are scheduled to speak during the week.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a price-weighted average of 30 blue-chip stocks that are generally defined as the leaders in their industry. It has been a widely followed indicator of the stock market since October 1, 1928.
Wilshire 5000 Total Market IndexSM represents the broadest index for the U.S. equity market, measuring the performance of all U.S. equity securities with readily available price data. The index is comprised of virtually every stock that: the firm's headquarters are based in the U.S.; the stock is actively traded on a U.S. exchange; the stock has widely available pricing information (this disqualifies bulletin board, or over-the-counter stocks). The index is market cap weighted, meaning that the firms with the highest market value account for a larger portion of the index.
Standard and Poor's 500© Index is a capitalization-weighted index of 500 stocks. The index is designed to measure performance of the broad domestic economy through changes in the aggregate market value of 500 stocks representing all major industries.
The NASDAQ Composite Index is a broad-based capitalization-weighted index of stocks in all three NASDAQ tiers: Global Select, Global Market and Capital Market. The index was developed with a base level of 100 as of February 5, 1971.
Indices do not include any expenses, fees, or sales charges, which would lower performance. Indices are unmanaged and should not be considered an investment. It is not possible to invest directly in an index.
The individual companies mentioned in this piece were for informational purposes only and should not be viewed as recommendations.
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