/perspectives/global-cio-outlook/when-politics-trump-economics

When Politics Trump Economics

The U.S. economic expansion continues, but increasing attention to political risks, and currency wars, in particular, indicate a period of heightened volatility could be ahead.

February 13, 2013    |    By Scott Minerd

Global CIO Commentary by Scott Minerd

Virtually every recent data release indicates that the United States is in a sustained economic expansion. From the positive underlying strength in fourth quarter 2012 GDP, to stronger housing, falling unemployment, and increasing state and local tax receipts, there is hardly a gray cloud in the sky. Importantly, however, there is a sea change underway in the markets. We are transitioning from the environment of the last five years in which the market digested and reacted to macroeconomic results to one that will be increasingly dominated by politics and political risk. Given the range and scope of programs being pursued by policymakers around the world, investors will have to focus more on the agendas of nations and their central banks. Europe’s ongoing structural issues and the looming fiscal uncertainty in the U.S. are unsettling, however, the most overt manifestation of the shift that’s underway is the threat of global currency wars. Tuesday’s comments by the G7 on the adverse economic and financial implications of competitive devaluation, combined with the United States’ comments that Japan is likely pursuing the right policy by seeking to combat deflation, highlight the contradictory nature of the geo-political climate. All the while, Japan’s aggressive monetary accommodation is becoming more worrying for leaders in the European Union, who are concerned about the consequences of the euro’s rapid increase in value. The net effect of all this opportunistic policy activity and disagreement will likely be heightened volatility as we head further into the year.

Rising Inflation Expectations in Japan

The Bank of Japan’s (BoJ) effort to reflate the Japanese economy has elevated the bond market’s inflation expectations. Japanese swap rates, which gauge market expectations on future interest rates, have moved dramatically over the past few months in response to the BoJ’s policies. Most noticeably, the spread between the 30-year swap rate and the 10-year swap rate has widened from 88 basis points in September 2012 to 120 basis points in January 2013, reaching the highest level since data began in 1999. The widening spread suggests that investors are expecting a rising inflation rate in the future and are liquidating their holdings of long-term securities to reduce their duration risk.

JAPANESE YIELD CURVE - SPREAD BETWEEN 30-YEAR SWAP RATE AND 10-YEAR SWAP RATE

Foreign Markets May Offer More Growth Potential

Source: Bloomberg, Guggenheim Investments. Data as of 1/31/2013.


Economic Data Releases

Shrinking Trade Deficit Could Turn GDP Revision Positive

  • The December trade deficit shrank to the lowest level since January 2010, as exports gained 2.1% and imports fell 2.7%. The shrinking gap was supported by a record-low volume of oil imports and record-high petroleum exports.
  • Wholesale inventories unexpectedly shrank in December by 0.1%, the first decrease since June.
  • Fourth quarter productivity of non-farm workers declined at a 2% annualized rate, the most since the first quarter of 2011. The fall in productivity pushed unit labor costs up by 4.5%. Unemployment applications fell by 5,000 to 366,000 for the week ended February 2nd. Continuing claims also rose more than expected.
  • The NFIB Small Business Optimism Index rebounded slightly to 88.9 in January, failing to regain losses caused by Fiscal Cliff uncertainty.
  • Job openings in the U.S. fell from the November four-year high of 3.79 million to 3.62 million in December.

Industrial Production Up in Germany, Italy, and U.K.

  • German factory orders rose 0.8% in December, after falling the prior month. Industrial production increased for the first time in five months, rising 0.3% in January. German exports did not meet expectations, growing only 0.3% in December.
  • French industrial production fell 0.1% in December, after gaining 0.5% in November, while the U.K. and Italy both increased production from a month earlier. Industrial production in all three countries remained lower on a year-over-year basis.
  • House prices in the U.K. fell 0.2% in January, the first drop since October. Both the European Central Bank and the Bank of England left their benchmark interest rates unchanged at 0.75% and 0.5%, respectively.
  • China’s January exports grew 25.0% from a year earlier, the biggest increase since April 2011, as the trade surplus fell less-than-expected to $29.15 billion.

FEATURED PERSPECTIVES

November 08, 2019

The Science and Art of Risk Management: Liquidity Risk

Good risk management leads to good decision making.

November 04, 2019

The Risk Mitigation Advantage in Active Fixed-Income Management

Why active has the potential to outperform passive in fixed income.

October 29, 2019

Don’t Be Tempted by CCC Bonds and Loans

Lower-quality credit spreads have more potential to widen than tighten.


VIDEO

Third Quarter 2019 Fixed-Income Outlook 

Third Quarter 2019 Fixed-Income Outlook

Portfolio Manager Adam Bloch and Matt Bush, a Director in the Macroeconomic and Investment Research Group, share insights from the third quarter 2019 Fixed-Income Outlook.

Core Fixed-Income Conundrum 

Solving the Core Conundrum

Anne Walsh, Chief Investment Officer for Fixed Income, shares insights on the fixed-income market and explains the Guggenheim approach to solving the Core Conundrum.







Read a prospectus and summary prospectus (if available) carefully before investing. It contains the investment objective, risks charges, expenses and the other information, which should be considered carefully before investing. To obtain a prospectus and summary prospectus (if available) click here or call 800.820.0888.

Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal.

Guggenheim Investments represents the following affiliated investment management businesses of Guggenheim Partners, LLC: Guggenheim Partners Investment Management, LLC, Security Investors, LLC, Guggenheim Funds Investment Advisors, LLC, Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC, GS GAMMA Advisors, LLC, Guggenheim Partners Europe Limited and Guggenheim Partners India Management. Securities offered through Guggenheim Funds Distributors, LLC, an affiliate of Guggenheim, SI, GFIA and GPIM.

© Guggenheim Investments. All rights reserved.

Research our firm with FINRA Broker Check.

• Not FDIC Insured • No Bank Guarantee • May Lose Value

This website is directed to and intended for use by citizens or residents of the United States of America only. The material provided on this website is not intended as a recommendation or as investment advice of any kind, including in connection with rollovers, transfers, and distributions. Such material is not provided in a fiduciary capacity, may not be relied upon for or in connection with the making of investment decisions, and does not constitute a solicitation of an offer to buy or sell securities. All content has been provided for informational or educational purposes only and is not intended to be and should not be construed as legal or tax advice and/or a legal opinion. Always consult a financial, tax and/or legal professional regarding your specific situation. Investing involves risk, including the possible loss of principal.